Ag Scene 2014

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AG
SCENE
2014
AG
SCENE
2014
AG
SCENE
2014
Plato’s Westwood is
home to champions p.2
114 Years of seed tradition p.37
Keep your eyes on China p.9
Summit Grain p.11
Hotovec in Auctioneers
Auxillary Hall of Fame p.13
www.GlencoeNews.com,
click on Special Sections
Go Online
to view this
section!
A special supplement
to The Renville
County Shopper
& The Glencoe
Advertiser
4 Square Builders ..................................42
A+ Insurance Agency, Inc. ..................32
After Burner Auto Body........................22
Ag Specialists ..........................................8
AgStar - Lynn Wacker ..........................41
Ag Venture Corn Capitol Innovations ..48
Alsleben Livestock Trucking ................42
Arnold’s Implement Inc.........................42
Auto Value Parts Stores ........................21
Bird Island-Hawk Creek
FarMutual Ins. Agency ....................36
Bergmann Interiors................................16
Bird Island Soil Service ........................48
Borka Excavating ....................................5
Bratsch Lawn Service............................45
Brownton Co-op Ag Center ..................47
Brust Electric ........................................22
Buckentin Bros. Seed ............................41
Carly’s Shoes ........................................30
Carquest of Bird Island..........................48
Citizens Alliance Bank ..........................20
Co-op Country Farmers Elevator ........15
Corn Capitol Innovations ......................14
Creative Details ....................................33
Crop Production Services......................22
Crow River Glass, Inc. ..........................45
Dahlberg Boot & Trailer Sales ..............21
Dale’s Auto Sales ..................................24
Danube Lumber ....................................15
Danube Upholstery & Shoe Repair ......21
Dawson Co-op Credit Union ................43
Dobrava Bros., Inc.................................45
Duane Jindra Crop Ins. Agency ............45
Eckberg Tiling ......................................18
Edward Jones - Kirk Miller ....................6
Edward Jones - Steve Olmstead ............51
E.G. Rud & Sons, Inc. ..........................12
Enestvedt
Seed Co. ..40
Ervin Well
Company..36
Exsted Realty ........................................51
F & M Bank Minnesota ........................40
F & M Insurance....................................14
Fahey Sales............................................12
Farm Bureau Financial Services..............5
Farmers & Merchants State Bank ........19
Farmers Co-op Oil Co ..........................50
Finish Line Seed Inc. ............................48
First Minnesota Bank, Glencoe ............18
First Security Bank................................43
Flatworks Concrete Const., LLC ............2
Fleet Supply True Value ........................18
Flora Mutual Insurance Co. ..................36
Foamtastic Insulation, Inc. ....................48
Frandsen Bank & Trust..........................39
Fresh Look Painting ..............................22
Gavin, Winters, Thiemann
& Long, Ltd. ....................................12
Gerald Kucera PHI ..................................8
Glencoe Co-op Assn................................8
Glencoe Veterinary Clinic ....................24
Goetsch Insurance Agency ....................18
Grizzly Buildings, Inc. ..........................33
H & L Motors ........................................32
Haggenmiller Lumber ..........................51
Harpel Bros. Inc. ..................................26
Harvest Land Cooperative ....................37
Hearing Care Specialists, Kurt Pfaff ....18
Heller Group Realty ..............................49
Henslin Auctions, Inc. ..........................28
HomeTown Bank ..................................48
Hughes Auction Service, LLC ..............17
Indian Lake Game Birds........................51
J & R Electric Inc. ................................13
JD’s Custom Baling ..............................24
Jackpot Junction ....................................13
Jerry Scharpe Ltd...................................22
Jungclaus Implement ............................24
K & S Electric ......................................50
K & S Millwrights Inc...........................52
Kahnke Brothers Tree Farm..................35
KEI Kibble Equipment ..........................15
Ken Franke’s Conklin Service ................8
Ken’s Excavating ..................................24
Klein Bank ..............................................7
Kraft Walser Law Office ......................36
Lake Region Insurance Agency ............39
Lano Equipment of Norwood, Inc.........22
Larkin Tree Care & Lndsg Inc. ............50
Larson Builders, Inc. ............................31
Lindeman Seeds ......................................4
Linder Farm Network............................46
Mallak Trucking Inc. ............................20
McLeod County Solid Waste ................31
McLeod Publishing, Inc. ..........11, 25, 46
Mid-County Co-op ................................30
MidCountry Bank..................................45
Midwest Agri Insurance ........................12
Midwest Machinery ................................6
Miller Manufacturing Co.........................4
Minnesota Corn & Soybean Growers ....4
Minnesota Farmers Union ....................10
MinnWest Bank ....................................17
Morton Buildings ..................................19
Mycogen Seeds......................................21
Northern Plumbing & Heating, Inc. ......39
Northland Buildings ..............................23
Olivia Chrysler Center ..........................17
Olivia Machine Shop Inc.......................48
Olivia Pet Clinic ....................................20
On Trax Truck Repair..............................3
Otto Farms Operations Inc. ..................22
PartsCity Auto Parts ................................2
Precision Planting - Chad Schmalz ......25
Precision Soya ......................................19
ProAg Celebration ................................49
Pro Auto ................................................51
Pro Equipment Sales ............................48
Professional Insurance Providers ..........41
RAM Builders ........................................7
RC Hosbital & Clinics ..........................20
Renville Sales, Inc. ................................44
Sam’s Tire Service ................................35
Saunders Mertens Schmitz, PA ............48
Schad, Lindstrand & Schuth, LTD........42
Schauer Construction Inc. of Glencoe ..16
Schauer & Sons Construction................45
Schauer’s Custom Log Sawing ............16
Schauer’s Sheep ......................................3
Security Bank & Trust Co. ....................26
Seneca Foods Corp. ..............................47
Sure Champ/VitaFerm - Scharpe Angus ..24
Silver Stream Shelters - Pete Schilling..23
State Farm Insurance ............................16
Steve’s Heating & AC ..........................13
Sullivan’s Electric..................................13
Tall Tires................................................36
Terry’s Body Shop ................................20
Thalmann Seeds ....................................18
Tjosvold Equipment, Inc. ......................50
Two Way Communications ..................18
United FCS............................................38
United Farmers Coop............22, 24, 26, 45
Upper Midwest Management ................38
Valley Electric of Olivia Inc. ................21
Valley View Electric, Inc. ........................3
Willmar Aerial Spraying Inc. ................38
Wise Furniture Co. ................................34
Wood’s Edge..........................................23
AG SCENE - 2 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
Index
NEWS INDEX
Plato’s Westwood is home to champions ........................................................................p. 3
Propane shortage hits home ..............................................................................................p. 5
Record $8 billion earned through Minnesota’s agricultural exports ........................p. 5
Demise of the honeybee? ....................................................................................................p. 6
Salute to a farmer who has passed... ................................................................................p. 7
Keep an eye on China ..........................................................................................................p. 9
Summit Grain: old pros start new business ..................................................................p. 11
Hotovec in Auctioneers Auxillary Hall of Fame ....................................................p. 13-14
Cooler air on tap, maybe ............................................................................................p. 15, 17
Replicate wetland functionality through mitigation ..............................................p. 19, 21
2014 farm bill........................................................................................................................p. 23
Propane shortage tips ........................................................................................................p. 25
USDA protects against climate change risks ................................................................p. 27
Lynn’s energy policy............................................................................................................p. 27
Finally a new farm bill! ..................................................................................................p. 29-31
When choosing seed, do the research ....................................................................p. 32-33
Researching the soil to find higher yields ......................................................................p. 33
114 years of seed tradition ........................................................................................p. 37-40
Soybean aphids attack, but when to treat? ..............................................................p. 43-44
God made a farmer ............................................................................................................p. 47
Will need more water for more corn......................................................................p. 49-50
Thank you to all of our advertisers for contributing to the 2014 Ag Scene supplement.
Thank you to the writers and interviewees, for the editorial content.
Published by
McLeod Publishing, Inc., 716 E. 10th St., Glencoe, MN 55336 • 320-864-5518.
& Renco Publishing, Inc., 110 NW Dupont Ave., Renville, MN 56284
Printed by
House of Print, 322 Benzel Ave. SW, Madelia, MN 56062 • 888-741-4467
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Staff Writer
T
ucked just west of the railroad
tracks is an unpreposing house,
sitting across the driveway
from an unpreposing barn and shed. It
is Westwood Farm.
But what happens on that small farm
site is preposing — the breeding and
training of champion American Saddle-
bred horses.
The business was started in 1968 by
Ernie and VeeAnn Wood, and their
son, Jay Wood, took over in 1992.
The Woods had a love of horses long
before the business started, Jay Wood
said. VeeAnn Wood grew up in the
heart of the Twin Cities, but her parents
owned a barn in Bloomington, where
they kept ponies that were used for pony
rides at Minnehaha Falls. VeeAnn
Wood wanted to raise and train horses.
“She got a college degree so she could
work and afford to do this, too,” said
Jay Wood. Ernie Wood also got a de-
gree, in horse shoeing, and the couple
bought the place in Plato, in part be-
cause they wanted to get out of the
Cities, and in part because it was afford-
able.
Jay Wood grew up in Plato and was
involved in the business as a child, from
the early age of 2, and is now the owner
and main trainer.
Wood said Westwood originally bred
and trained Morgans, but he has transi-
tioned to mostly American Saddlebreds,
which “are a little bit more showy
horse.”
The farm site hosts a 21-stall barn
and indoor training arena. Westwood,
on average, trains 15 horses a day, and
“we have one to two babies each year
that we develop into future show hors-
es,” said Wood.
Wood not only trains the horses, but
he shows them, too, starting in mid-
April each year and going into Novem-
ber. Westwood typically competes in
several regional shows each year and at
least one national event.
Along with training and boarding
show horses, Westwood offers riding les-
sons and will train others how to ride
and show their own horses.
“We’ve sold our horses all over the
country, and many have gone to be-
come national champions,” said Wood.
“We’ve been fortunate in the perform-
ance of our horses.”
Not only does Wood compete in
horse shows, but he also judges horses
on a national level.
And Westwood will work with those
who want to do something as simple as
learn to ride, said Wood.
“We offer riding lessons to the public,
typically 30 minutes at a time,” said
Wood, who added that Westwood will
give lessons to people of all ages. “Right
now, we have kids as a young as 8, and
we have a lady right now who is proba-
bly 60. She just always wanted to learn
to ride.”
Westwood is open Monday through
Saturday; and although it’s closed on
Sundays, the work continues with feed-
ing and grooming.
The work day starts about 7 a.m. and
runs until about 4:30 or 5 p.m. Wood
has one full-time employee and will hire
part-time help, particularly during the
show season.
Westwood can be reached by phone
at 651-755-5037, and also is on Face-
book and Twitter.
Westwood is a lot of work, Wood said,
“but like anything, it’s a labor of love. If
I didn’t love it, I wouldn’t be doing it.”
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 3 - AG SCENE
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Plato’s Westwood is home to champions
Photo courtesy of Westwood Farm
Jay Wood, owner of Westwood Farm in Plato, is shown above training one of his
American Saddlebred horses.
AG SCENE - 4 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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farmers to maintain the lands we all love.
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 5 - AG SCENE
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5809 220th Street
Winsted, MN 55395
320-395-8355
By Alyssa Schauer
Staff Writer
Propane prices have dramatically in-
creased since January, and local busi-
nesses like the Glencoe Co-op Assn.
have adjusted their schedules and prices
to be able to offer affordable fuel for
farmers and homeowners.
Dale Hagelund, manager at Glencoe
Co-op Assn., said propane costs have
increased as high as $5.20 a gallon.
“We used to see costs at $1.36 a gal-
l on and it jumped to $5.20 i n two
weeks. It’s costing us $50,000 to trans-
port propane. ‘Normal’ transportation
costs are about one-third to one-half
that,” Hagelund said.
He said the Co-op is keeping prices at
about $3.99 a gallon, “but these increas-
es put a ridiculous burden on people,”
Hagelund said.
He said there is “so much talk” about
why prices increased, ranging from dis-
tribution issues to shortages from abnor-
mally low winter temperatures.
“The bottom line is that ‘Big Oil’ con-
trols the propane. It’s a byproduct of oil,
and I suggest residents call their politi-
cians because they are not doing their
jobs right now,” Hagelund said.
Hagelund said the notion of propane
shortages stems from late-drying seasons
for crops and the increased demand for
propane in this cold weather.
He added: “This isn’t abnormal
weather. We haven’t even recorded one
of the top 10 coldest winters in Min-
nesota,” he said.
Hagelund said the “distribution is-
sues” arose from the closing of pipelines
between the United States and Canada.
“Our pipeline from Canada was shut
down, and is being used to ship pen-
tanes north,” Hagelund said. He added
that another pipeline is being construct-
ed, but said that change in infrastruc-
ture also assisted in increasing propane
costs.
“The increases in propane costs are
criminal,” he said.
“Our accounts/receivables clients
cannot afford to pay for that, and be-
cause prices are so high, everyone wants
a minimum fill in the hopes costs de-
crease,” Hagelund said.
“It’s costing us,” he added.
Hagelund said propane prices are de-
creasing slowly, and hopes that costs re-
turn to “normal.”
The Glencoe Co-op Assn. is an ener-
gy cooperative gas station located at 605
13th St. E. in Glencoe, that also pro-
vides bulk fuels for farmers and delivers
fuel to residents around the area.
The co-op also provides plumbing
and heating services and tire services,
and offers a variety of products, includ-
ing milk replacers, animal feed and pet
food.
“We are the pet food capital of Glen-
coe,” Hagelund laughed.
Propane shortage hits home
ST. PAUL, Minn. – Minnesota’s agri-
cultural exports hit a record-high of
$8.2 billion last year, according to fig-
ures released by the Minnesota Depart-
ment of Agriculture (MDA). The 2012
total is a 14 percent increase or almost
$1 billion more than 2011. Minnesota
also moved up in the national rankings
of largest agricultural exporting states
by securing the number four spot,
which is up two places from 2011. Min-
nesota’s top export commodities were
soybeans, corn, pork and feed, which
accounted for more than 60 percent of
the state’s total agricultural exports.
More than one-third of Minnesota’s
total agricultural production is export-
ed. Agriculture is Minnesota’s second-
largest exporting sector with major mar-
kets in China, Mexico, Japan, Canada,
Korea and Taiwan.
“Agriculture exports contribute great-
ly to our state and rural economies,”
said MDA Commissioner Dave Freder-
ickson. “These significant gains point to
why our focus on developing and ex-
panding export markets in Minnesota is
paying off for our farmers who grow
and produce for both U.S. consumers
and worldwide markets.”
According to Su Ye, MDA’s chief
economist, agricultural exports support
more than 68,800 jobs in Minnesota
and generate additional economic and
business activities in many non-agricul-
tural sectors, such as manufacturing,
transportation, services and many more.
Minnesota’s top exported commodi-
ties in 2012, their values and top mar-
kets:
Soybeans - $2.2 billion (top market:
China)
Corn - $941 million (top market:
Japan)
Pork - $814 million (top market:
Japan)
Feeds - $583 million (top market:
Canada)
Sugar and related products - $433
million (top market: Mexico)
Wheat - $308 million (top market:
Mexico)
Dairy - $243 million (top market:
Mexico)
Beef - $116 mi l l i on ( top market:
Canada)
Record $8 billion earned through
Minnesota’s agricultural exports
Latest 2012 report indicates exports up 14 percent
Bees flitting from one
newly sprouted flower to
another as they collect
pollen is one of the more
common sights of the
spring. Honeybees are con-
tent to buzz between plants
for hours. But in recent
years the honeybee popula-
tion has declined consider-
ably, and scientists and en-
vironmentalists continue to
study and debate why bees
seem to be dying out.
Without these insects,
crop yields would decrease
dramatically, and some
foods may cease to exist.
Without bees, food produc-
tion would diminish and
the prices of produce would
skyrocket.
Commercial beekeepers
in the United States have
reported deaths of tens of
thousands of honeybee
colonies. Ninety percent of
wild bee populations in the
United States have disap-
peared, according to Target
Health, Inc. In the Nether-
lands and the United King-
dom, bee species have de-
clined considerably, and
some have even become ex-
tinct.
Since 2006, millions of
honeybees have died off
due to a phenomenon
called Colony Collapse Dis-
order, or CCD. CCD refers
to the absence of adult hon-
eybees in a colony with few
or no adults remaining.
Worker bees simply disap-
pear, leaving behind the
queen and vulnerable de-
veloping young. Bees are
not usually known to leave
the hive unguarded. While
similar disappearances have
been documented in the
last 100 years, those inci-
dences have grown consid-
erably in recent years.
Officials in the USDA
and the EPA have not been
able to determine why the
honeybee population has
undergone such a steep de-
cline, though some believe
that a complex combina-
tion of factors, including
parasites, lack of genetic di-
versity, poor nutrition, and
pesticides, could be respon-
sible. Examination of dead
bees has found residues of
more than 100 chemicals,
insecticides and pesticides,
including some used to con-
trol parasites, in bee hives.
Other factors that come
into play involve climate
changes that affect wild-
flower production. Without
wildflowers, bees have no
sources of food. Rainy, wet
or overly dry weather can
wreak havoc on the land-
scape, resulting in fewer
flowers and, as a result, a
smaller bee population.
Scientists are still study-
ing the situation and work-
ing toward a solution to re-
store the honeybee popula-
tion. Individuals can do
their part by keeping plenty
of blooming flowers in their
yards and never killing hon-
eybees found on their prop-
erty. Disturbing an estab-
lished hive can result in the
bees abandoning their
work, leading to even
greater losses.
Demise of the honeybee?
AG SCENE - 6 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 7 - AG SCENE
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My uncle Don Ketelsen, a farmer
from Center Junction, Iowa, passed
away this week. Now I
doubt any of you read-
ing this knew him, but
I bet you know some-
one a lot like him.
Uncle Don grew up on
a family farm with his
brothers and sister
doing what all farm
kids do, working on the
farm. Don was active
in high school sports,
but his love for farming
always was on his
mind. Eventually, he took over farming
the family farm and added some land to
that small farm.
Uncle Don was a dairy farmer for
many years, he also had hogs and cattle.
You can always tell a dairy farmer from
back then by the size and strength of
their hands.
His wife Marylyn and his family were
his pride and joy, but his land, his trac-
tors and his farm were certainly a big
part of his life. Toy tractors, caps and
signs were part of the home décor.
Don loved red tractors, but they could
just as well have been green, and he was
loyal to his brand of tractors and equip-
ment and enjoyed giving the neighbors
with the other color tractors a hard time
about which was better. And Uncle
Don’s equipment always shined and
looked like new. He painted and re-
paired right on the
farm, and it showed.
Visits to our aunt
and uncle’s place were
always something to
look forward to. Their
kids and the kids in my
family were good
friends as cousins usu-
ally are, and Aunt
Marylyn was one of
the all-time best cooks
in the world. Her
house was always well
stocked with cookies, bars and all that
stuff kids dream of, and she never ran
out. And Christmas always rotated
among the relatives, but the ones at their
house were my favorite. Kids had the
run of the basement and all that good
food!
I don’t think my aunt and uncle did
much traveling to exotic places in their
life, because they didn’t want to. A trip
to the local county park in their camping
trailer with their family, or a camper
rally out of state were all it took to please
them and make them happy. And why
shouldn’t it?
Uncle Don was a man who always
wanted to farm, that was the top of the
job ladder for him. He had the best job
in the world! Don loved to give people a
little good natured ribbing and then
laugh about it. He was a man who
worked hard, and the wrinkles in his face
showed he spent a lot of time outdoors;
and the ones around his eyes showed he
spent most of his life smiling. He was a
family man who always seemed to have
a twinkle in his eye and an ever present
chuckle. A person who seemed to be
happy all the time, maybe because he
had all he wanted in life. What more
could anyone ask for?
You may not have known my uncle,
or maybe you do?
Salute to a farmer who has passed...
Lynn Ketelsen
Need a hand with
your remodeling?
See the Tools of
the Trade in the
Glencoe Advertiser
for professionals
that are happy to help.
Lynn Ketelson is the Farm Director
for Linder Farm Network.
AG SCENE - 8 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 9 - AG SCENE
By Dick Hagen
Contributing Reporter
Glencoe Advertiser
Ask John Baize, noted international agri-
cultural consultant and world traveler, what’s
most impacting U.S. agriculture today? His
quick response, “The slowdown in China be-
cause it’s the no. 1 market for U.S. soybeans.
They’ve dropped a couple of percentage
points in their GDP (gross domestic product).
They’re trying to move to a more domestic
driven economy and less an export driven
economy.”
Baize also noted China now has a major
debt problem exceeding $1 trillion. “There
are just a lot of things going on within the
economy of this huge country. When they
have an economic slowdown it impacts the
United States very directly, especially pur-
chases of our agricultural products.”
Interviewed at Willmar, where he was one
of the featured speakers at Linder Ag Out-
look meetings, here are excerpts from a Q &
A session with Baize.
Q: In view of the rapid economic growth
of China’s middle-income people, what fi-
nances their government?
Baize: A good question. Their taxation
procedures are difficult to understand. I do
know they have a lot of state-owned compa-
nies that bring profit back into the central
government. Also they have a consumption
tax. The Chinese people are taxed on virtual-
ly every dollar they spend. Yet there are get-
ting to be some super wealthy people over
there. The first thing the wealthy do is leave
China! They get into California, or else-
where, simply to protect their wealth. Also
some get away because of the risk of being
arrested. Much of this new wealth was not
made totally honestly.
Q: Is China now the world’s largest manu-
facturer of automobiles?
Baize: This I hear and I don’t question
that position. For certain they are the world’s
largest market for automobiles. Thousands of
U.S.-made autos now get sold in China. In
fact GM, Ford and Toyota now have assem-
bly plants in China. Visit Shanghai or Beijing
or Hong Kong and traffic literally is bumper
to bumper. These are cities of 20+ million
people each! It used to be motor bikes, bicy-
cles, even rickshaws; now it’s Toyotas, Fords
and Buicks clogging the roads. The Chinese
people are buying something like 18-20 mil-
lion cars a year!
Q: And now bullet trains criss-crossing
China?
Baize: The building of their transportation
infrastructure the last few years is absolutely
amazing. Whether you’re talking bullet
trains, 6-lane super highways, subway sys-
tems, boats or bridges, there has literally been
an explosion of new construction. And that is
why they’re financial mess today, they’ve
spent trillions to put this infrastructure in
place. Now they have a tremendous debt to
service and apparently there aren’t enough
people using this tremendous public trans-
portation network. China has some huge
problems.
Q: How about their agriculture…can it
continue to grow?
Baize: They are big in pork, producing
about half of the world’s production of pork.
But increases in crop production, especially
both corn and rice, which are major crops in
China, are questionable. What’s happening
today is China’s thousands of small farmers
are selling and/or leasing their few acres be-
cause job opportunities in the cities keep ex-
panding. This permits congregating small
farm plots into bigger farms which will im-
prove productive capacity. But this will be
slow and difficult because China’s former
premier championed the small farmer and
collective farming theory during his dynasty.
So this is an ingrained theory. Try to move
away from this and you have the potential for
some serious internal political strife. Plus vir-
tually every acre of arable land is already
being farmed.
Q: So is China still a communist country,
or is capitalism now the driving force?
Baize: Capitalism is driving their economy
to a large extent but when it comes to who
and how government decisions are made
they still are very communist. They are a
“command and control” government. You
don’t go out and criticize the government if
you want to keep being free. A lot of foreign
countries (including the U.S.) that want to in-
vest in China business are being discriminat-
ed against. The oil seed processing industry is
a good example. Plenty of evidence that Chi-
nese-owned companies were heavily subsi-
dized, producing marginal results for others,
including our U.S.-financed oil-crush facili-
ties. It appears their goal is to run the foreign
owned soybean oil firms out of business. Our
U.S. soybean industry people see it that way
too. Never forget they are first and foremost
Chinese. They are very nationalistic about
their country. They don’t operate with the
same mentality that the Western world does.
Q: Aquaculture in much of Southeast Asia
seems to be an exploding industry. Why?
Baize: Because they grew up eating fish
and fish are a good source of protein. Thanks
to aquaculture, we are seeing growing de-
mand for U.S. soybeans and soybean meal in
much of Southeast Asia. The best locations
for soybean processing facilities to feed aqua-
culture today are Indonesia, Thailand and
Vietnam. Indonesia especially has lots of
fresh water. They have extremely clean
water. They have fast moving rivers and cur-
rents that move the waste products away.
Aquaculture in China has slowed primarily
because their waters have become so pollut-
ed. Also China is recognizing that as their
population and industry keeps growing, they
have a limited supply of fresh water.
But we’re also seeing aquaculture growing
elsewhere….Turkey, Greece, Latin America;
even Egypt is expanding its tilapia produc-
tion. Aquaculture will keep growing because
many people around the world want to keep
eating fish. And that appetite is why U.S. soy-
beans and soybean meal will continue to
have markets around the world.
Q: With U.S. ag products getting “cheap”
again, will this positively impact ag exports?
Baize: Perhaps of greater concern if we
start seeing inflation: is the Federal Reserve
going to quickly restrict the money supply
and raise interest rates to stave off inflation?
Any bump in inflation bumps the borrowing
costs of money to farmers. Also higher inter-
est rates attract more buyers for the U.S. dol-
lar. That drives the value of the dollar up but
conversely drives the price of commodities
down. That’s what happened to us in the
1980s and that financially ruined thousands
of U.S. farmers.
Q: Any likelihood of pricing ourselves out
of world markets?
Baize: Sure, that is always some concern,
especially with both Brazil and Argentina
ramping up production. Also agricultural
areas of Russia, the Ukraine and India are
wanting to cash in on new opportunities in
world markets.
Q: With world populations projected to be
9+ billion by 2050, will the world be running
out of food?
Baize: If there is a dollar to be made I have
always found U.S. farmers are very capable
of producing a surplus. And that’s where
we’re now heading in my opinion. Plus today
that same appetite is working with farmers in
other parts of the world. This exciting world
of biotechnology is not just the privilege of
American farmers. However as we all know,
one bad weather event in some portion of
our country, or other countries and that pro-
jected surplus disappears.
Q: So without predictable profitability for
2104 what advice do you have for U.S. farm-
ers?
Baize: Hunker Down! Be careful of your
spending. Make certain you have enough
cash resources for operating capital. If inter-
est rates go up, you don’t want to be borrow-
ing expensive money. Most farmers have all
the equipment they need so hold off on that
shiny new piece of steel for now. Agriculture
is a cyclical industry.
Q: What’s likely to happen with land val-
ues?
Baize: Don’t buy today. I would not be
surprised to see a 25 percent correction from
the highs of this past season. In simple terms,
nine dollar soybeans and four dollar corn just
won’t get it done today. Cash rents have to
come down. Farmers may think they deserve
a profit every year but the market says,
“NO.” We’ve had four years of really boom-
ing agriculture. Farmers that played it right
have paid off their debt. If they haven’t and
this squeeze stays with us, there’ll likely be
another shakeout of farmers.
Q: What happens if you walk away from
$400 rent?
Baize: Sit down and do a negotiated settle-
ment. Most land owners would at least dis-
cuss your situation. If you just walk away you
may have the opportunity of never renting
any land. Word gets around.
Q: With farm size continually going up,
how many farmers will we have 20 years
from now? How many do we need?
Baize: Check history over last few decades
and percentage decline of farm numbers has
been about the same year after year since the
1920s. For those with the money, technology,
intellect and marketing skills farm size will
keep expanding. I don’t see that trend revers-
ing. That old supply-and-demand thumb
rule essentially determines how many farmers
we’ll need 20 years from now. Plus the gold-
en rule comes into play…. “those who have
the gold make the rules.”
Q: In view of our politics, both domestical-
ly and overseas, what is the standing of the
U.S. within the world?
Baize: That pretty much depends upon
whom you talk to. Right now our Foreign
Policy work is not good. I’m not sure how
you manage to upset the Arabs and the Is-
raelis at the same time but our government
has managed to do just that. Our relationship
with Russia is not good. It’s not the best with
China right now. Even our relationships with
some European countries are slipping. So
yes, I think our standings around the world
have gone down.
Q: What is your opinion of ObamaCare?
Baize: I’m calling it the largest transfer of
wealth to ever happen in the United States.
People getting into the system are getting in
because it’s free, or a very low cost. And who
pays the bill? The people with money, so this
pure and simple is a wealth transfer system.
Al Kluis is predicting that by the end of 2014
we’ll have more uninsured people than what
we had at the start of the year.
Q: Are you optimistic about agriculture
over the next decade?
Baize: I’m more optimistic about the soy-
bean sector. We’re going to need 70 million
additional tons of soybeans in the world mar-
ket in 10 years I’m told. We’ll be lucky if we
(the U.S.) get 20-25 million tons of that so
much will have to come out of Brazil. But get
into central Brazil and you’re getting into
very spendy production. They’ll need at least
$10 and more to get that expansion in that
area. Corn has more problems because Ar-
gentina keeps ramping up corn production
and energy costs may keep going down
which will undermine corn profits.
Q: Is India the next big giant in agricul-
tural production?
Baize: India is already a giant, but giants
wake up slowly. Their growth rate is slow,
only five to six percent. And they can’t move
as nimbly as China because India is a democ-
racy. They have two political parties that are
fighting with each other. However, India as a
major exporter will happen over time. But
they are also going to add another 150 mil-
lion people to their own population in the
next decade. They have an excellent educa-
tion system. They have the capability to be
aggressive in world business. They have lots
of well-educated English-speaking people
within their University system. Also many
ambitious young people are getting into their
agricultural businesses. We know that within
about 5 years India will cease exporting soy-
bean meal and shift over into becoming a
soybean importer. They now lead the world
in beef production but this is with their water
buffalo, a critter whose carcass wouldn’t work
too well in markets buying U.S. and South
American beef. We will not see the growth in
India that we saw in China.
Keep your eyes on China
John Baize
AG SCENE - 10 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 11 - AG SCENE
By Lori Copler
Staff Writer
R
ussell Schlueter and Dustin Nel-
son have both been involved in
the millwright business since
shortly after their high school graduations
in 1998.
After 16 years of working for someone
else, the two decided it was time to take
their skills to the next level — a business
of their own.
“We both have an aggressive attitude
about applying ourselves,” said Schlueter,
who grew up south of Cedar Mills. “We
felt we had reached the top of where we
could be working for someone else.”
“We just felt we were ready to take the
leap,” agreed Nelson, a native of Buffalo
Lake.
So the two began Summit Grain Con-
struction, Inc., which specializes in all
types of equipment for grain, feed, seed
and fertilizer handling equipment. It is lo-
cated near Stewart.
Schlueter will specialize in site design
and layout, and field installations. Nelson
will handle job management and sales, in-
ventory, and field installation. They may
be contacted at 320-552-3057 or 320-552-
2957, to inquire about Summit Grain’s
services. They can also be contacted by e-
mail at summitgraininc@gmail.com, or
on their Facebook page.
Their prior experience has given them
access to “all kinds of heavy equipment”
to assist in construction, and their service
is “from the ground up,” said Schlueter,
starting with the foundation and concrete
work of whatever equipment they are
asked to build.
In their prior employment, the two built
a reputation for outstanding customer
service, and many of the clients have ei-
ther contacted them for work, or referred
them to others who may need their ex-
pertise.
In fact, two of the suppliers they have
worked with in the past asked them to be
technical advisers for overseas projects.
Schlueter and Nelson spent three weeks in
Australia last fall, and just returned from
the Philippines.
Now, they say, it’s time to concentrate
on getting Summit Grain fully launched.
Most of the winter work is repair of equip-
ment and preparing bids for potential
projects.
Once the construction season begins,
the two expect to be busy from dawn to
dark, having already hired one full-time
worker and having five others willing to
pitch in as the need arises.
“We already have about a month to a
month and a half of work lined up,” said
Nelson. “There seems to be plenty of
work around,” particularly since the area
is in the heart of the cash-crop belt.
Most of their work comes “word of
mouth” from prior customers, but the two
aren’t afraid to approach farmers, eleva-
tors, feed mills and other customers to dis-
cuss their needs.
It’s not unusual for a farmer to refer
them to a neighbor, Nelson said.
Summit Grain hopes to build solid rela-
tionship with customers, Schlueter said.
“Building relationships based on trust
and honesty is what we’re really all
about,” Schlueter said.
Summit Grain: old pros start new business
Photo by Lori Copler
Russell Schlueter and Dustin Nelson recently started up Summit Grain Construction,
Inc., headquartered near Stewart. The company specializes in grain, feed, seed and fertil-
izer millwright construction.
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Hotovec ln Auctloneers Au×lllary Hall ot Fame
By AshIcy AIsun, Staff Writcr,
RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
Holly Hotovec was inoucteo into the
Minnesota State Auctioneers Auxiliary
Hall ol Iame ouring the Minnesota State
Auctioneers Association Convention helo
Jan. 9 through 11 in Minnetonka. This is
quite a prestigious honor lor someone
who oio not even know what an auction
was until later in lile.
I`o never hearo ol auctions when I
was little,¨ saio Holly. I oion`t know
what they were lor.¨
Originally lrom Osakis, Hotovec be-
came a teacher ano taught kinoergarten
lor 29 years. She spent most ol her time
teaching in Hutchinson where she`s liveo
lor 3¯ years. Though most recently, she
ano her husbano Gary call a larm site
north ol Olivia home.
Gary became an auctioneer in the
early 80s. Holly taught school ouring the
week ano began to help Gary with auc-
tions on weekenos. It was ouring this
time she began to unoerstano what auc-
tions really were ano how they coulo help
people.
As the years progresseo, Holly became
Holly Hotovec was lnoucteo lnto tbe MSAA Au×lllary Hall ot Fame ln [anuary.
Pboto by Asbley Alsum
Hotovec
Turn to page 19
Hotovec
Turn to page 14
AG SCENE - 14 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
We oller o lull line ol Form Ag Froduc|s & 5ervicesI
Iurms, Iurm Operutions
Hotovec Contlnueo trom page 18
more involveo with auctions ano eventu-
ally joineo the Minnesota State Auction-
eers Association ,MSAA, through the
Auxiliary women hao lormeo.
I joineo not really knowing what it
was all about,¨ saio Holly.
But once she became active on the
scholarship committee, she knew she hao
louno a place with meaning. Holly playeo
an instrumental part in lorming scholar-
ship criteria. Each year, three college-
bouno stuoents who are relatives ol auc-
tioneers belonging to the MSAA are
awaroeo scholarships ranging lrom
S1,200 to S1,¯00. Holly estimates she`s
seen over ¯0 scholarships awaroeo ouring
her time on the committee.
It`s been really worthwhile to see stu-
oents meet the criteria ano get scholar-
ships,¨ Holly saio. A lot ol them have
gone on ano become auctioneers. I see
them now ano think they were in high
school when I lirst saw them. They still
thank me.¨
Along with the scholarship committee,
ouring her time in the MSAA Auxiliary,
Holly has serveo as the presioent, vice
presioent, assisteo on the welcoming
committee ano sat on the boaro ol oirec-
tors.
But ol all these positions throughout
the years, Holly is still most prouo ol her
time on the scholarship committee. She`s
not sure why she was chosen to be inouct-
eo into the Hall ol Iame but she believes
the scholarships playeo a big part.
During the awaros presentation at the
MSAA convention, the winner is kept a
secret as long as possible.
They introouce the winner by giving
hints, where you grew up, what you oo,¨
explaineo Holly. About hallway through
you know it`s you.¨
Holly`s lamily ano lrienos attenoeo the
reception to celebrate the Hall ol Iame
inouction with her. Her awaro plaque
reaos Recognition lor Auxiliary leaoer-
ship, promotion ol the auction proles-
sion, assistance to the MSAA ano service
to their community.¨
It was humbling, an honor,¨ Holly
saio.
Though Holly is oone with teaching
ano Gary has retireo`, they lino them-
selves as busy as they have ever been. But
the Hotovecs have no plans to quit the
auction business until they have to. The
couple still runs its auction center in
Hutchinson ano Holly volunteers on the
Olivia library boaro ano with Santa`s
Closet. She also enjoys her time with the
Quilters Along the Yellowstone Trail.
Hotovec Continued from page 13
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 15 - AG SCENE
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Tbls map trom late [anuary sbows tbe mess tbe jet stream ls causlng wben lt comes to temperatures.
Map provloeo by NOAA
Cooler
alr on tap,
maybe
By ShcIhy Lindrud
Editor, RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
The lirst question askeo to Dennis
Tooey, state climatologist lrom South
Dakota State Lniversity was simple ano
on everybooy`s` mino When is it going
to warm up?¨
Tooey`s answer, ouring the Winter
Crops ano Soils Day at the Granite Ialls
American Legion Ieb. o wasn`t what any-
one wanteo to hear.
I`o lean on the colo sioe into at least
spring,¨ saio Tooey. He also saio spring
precipitation won`t be too big ol an issue
il the weather patterns continue to lollow
their present routes.
Tooey was on hano to not only talk
about weather, but the oillerent tools pro-
oucers can use to make eoucateo oeci-
sions about their planting ano harvest
baseo on climate oata.
Weatber
Turn to page 13
Weather
Turn to page 17
AG SCENE - 16 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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Weatber Contlnueo trom page 12
Tools to barvest
Tooey shareo two websites lull ol
hanoy tools larmers can use sustain-
ablecorn.org ano agclimate!u.org.
It is trying to oevelop new tools,¨ saio
Tooey.
At agclimate!u.org Tooey presents the
Ag climate view tool, which allows a pro-
oucer to take a look at climate oata lrom
both years past ano the current season.
This oata might help a larmer unoer-
stano how weather might have allecteo a
gooo or bao season.
Iino out what happeneo that year,¨
saio Tooey.
The Growing Degree Day tool tracks
the growing oays ol a season, assisting a
larmer in knowing just where his crops
are when it comes to maturity.
It varies lrom place to place,¨ ex-
plaineo Tooey. During the season you
can track where you are. It is a gooo plan-
ning tool.¨
But no matter how many wonoerlul
tools there are nothing can prepare a
larmer lor what Mother Nature might
have in store.
Weatber yesteroay, tooay ano tomor-
row
Weather is always an issue lor larmers.
Even when it`s gooo, larmers have to
keep an eye out, to make sure it ooesn`t
suooenly change.
Ior the past 12 months, the tempera-
tures have been a rollercoaster lor every-
one, larmers incluoeo. It starteo with last
spring, which starteo colo.
It really sloweo things oown,¨ saio
Tooey.
The crops seemeo to catch up lor a
bit, but then temperatures oroppeo again.
It wasn`t until August, when humans ano
animals alike were sweltering, that the
crops in the lielo sprung up.
It was gooo at crop stano point,¨
Tooey saio, even il we were sullering.
The late lrost was the saving grace lor
crops, as larmers were able to stretch out
the growing season a bit.
Frecipitation in Granite Ialls was a lit-
tle above normal in July, but the rains
orieo up by the eno ol the summer. Be-
cause ol the lack ol rain, some ol the
larmers lelt their soils were a bit on the
ory sioe. Others saio they were probably
okay. Tooey believes soil moisture content
is a lew inches below normal.
Ano the eight-to-12-inch snow cover
isn`t going to help the soil moisture con-
tent any because ol the lrost. On bare
grouno the lrost is nearly !! inches oeep.
Lntil the lrost melts, no water is going in
ano no crops lor that matter.
However, the snow is keeping the soil
warm, arouno 30 oegrees at lour ano
eight loot oepths.
The jet stream is the main reason it
got colo ano stayeo colo. The high por-
tion ol the stream has been locateo lar-
ther north than normal, thanks to a
blocking high pressure system oll the west
coast. Ano as the olo saying goes what
goes up, must come oown.` In the case ol
weather, the colo temperatures louno in
the upper Yukon are slipping oown the jet
stream right into Minnesota. Ior any se-
rious changes in weather to occur this
llow neeos to change.
Ior the luture there is a ¯0-¯0 chance
ol above average or below average tem-
peratures ano precipitation going into the
201! growing season, meaning it`s really
anybooy`s guess.
I oon`t expect it to be very wet,¨
Tooey saio, giving his best preoiction. Ior
the months ol March through May
Tooey is calling lor lower than average
temperatures ano only small precipitation
events.
Out in the Facilic the currents are
churning, perhaps signaling the lorma-
tion ol an El Nino. Tooey believes there
is a ¯0-¯0 shot ol that weather creator,
which traoitionally has meant a cooler
ano wetter summer.
I woulo lean on the cool sioe ano pre-
cipitation shoulo be okay,¨ saio Tooey. I
woulon`t try to stretch out your season
this year.¨
When Tooey looks long-term in the
way ol climate change, he ooes see the
possibility ol more oroughts. Ior the past
lour out ol live years southwestern Min-
nesota has oealt with some severity ol
orought. In Calilornia it has gotten so
bao some towns will be without water in a
lew short months ano larmers are oreao-
ing the planting season.
There are a lot ol lielos that won`t be
planteo,¨ saio Tooey. What that means
lor the looo market is unknown, however
a lot ol the country`s lruits ano vegetables
are grown in those water strappeo lielos
ano trees.
Here at home, Tooey knows the area is
a little behino in water, but he isn`t too
concerneo yet.
I think we`re going to overcome
those,¨ Tooey saio.
Tooey`s linal woro on the upcoming
larming season is one ol optimism, which
is nice to hear when it`s live oegrees out-
sioe.
There will be plenty ol bushels out
there,¨ Tooey saio ol the luture crops. I
oon`t loresee any spring planting issues,¨
ano it shoulo be a better than average
growing season.
Weather Continued from page 15
AG SCENE - 18 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 19 - AG SCENE
By AshIcy AIsun, Staff Writcr,
RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
We`re all in this together,¨ saio Sio
Cornelius, environmental specialist ano
recently retireo National Resource Con-
servation Service ,NRCS, employee, at
the wetlano mitigation workshop helo
Ieb. o in Reowooo Ialls. It`s not just
your larm. It is a bigger picture issue.¨
Cornelius gave the ¯0-plus attenoees a
general overview ol wetlano mitigation
ano two possible options to achieve it,
though he cautioneo every situation is oil-
lerent.
Never say never. Someone will come
along ano prove you wrong,¨ saio Cor-
nelius. Though it gets more ano more
complicateo to oo so.¨
Lnoer both leoeral ano Minnesota
laws, larmers are requireo to mitigate lor
any protecteo wetlano they want to orain.
It is covereo in the wetlano compliance
section ol the Iarm Bill, in section !0! ol
the Clean Water Act, in the Wetlano
Conservation Act ano the Frotecteo Wa-
ters´ Wetlanos policy. Each ol these poli-
cies covers the topic lrom oillerent ap-
proaches ano with a varying oepth ol
locus.
Each was written at a oillerent time
with oillerent objectives in mino. As a re-
sult, there are many oelinitions ol what
can be oone with a wetlano ano what is a
violation.
Compliance with one policy ooes not
guarantee compliance with all ol them,¨
explaineo Cornelius.
Iortunately, the agencies involveo gen-
erally agree on the proceoures ano oelini-
tions to oetermine whether a site is a wet-
lano ano on general mitigation require-
ments. While there are occasionally ois-
agreements, the oepartments work to sort
it out so the process can be as streamlineo
as possible.
The goal ol wetlano mitigation is to
replace the exact lunction ol specilic wet-
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Turn to page 8
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Wetlands
Turn to page 21
AG SCENE - 20 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 21 - AG SCENE
-lano habitats that woulo be aoversely al-
lecteo by an activity. Il a larmer wisheo
to plow up ano larm on a wetlano area,
they woulo have to mitigate the ellects on
the environment by replicating the wet-
lano`s lunctions elsewhere.
How to mltlgate
There are two main principles behino
wetlano mitigation no-net loss ano re-
placement ol lunctions.
No-net loss means mitigation must be
a minimum ol 1:1 or acre-to-acre re-
placement. Il you plan to remove live
acres ol wetlano, you must re-establish at
least live acres in a new location.
More important is the replacement ol
lunctions. The mitigateo lano must close-
ly ouplicate the location, water source,
vegetation ano wilolile ol the original
wetlano.
In theory, the mitigation site shoulo,
when linisheo, look ano lunction exactly
like the site that has been oraineo.
This, says Cornelius, is not very prac-
tical. That`s the problem.¨
One mitigation option is to oo an on-
site replacement. This involves oraining a
wetlano ano replacing it in a site on the
same property.
On-site replacement requires a traineo
inoivioual to assess the wetlano, the miti-
gation site ano lorm a mitigation plan.
The NRCS can provioe this service,
though there is a waiting list. Frivate con-
sultants are also available.
A gooo expert shoulo help you ligure
out the best place on your site to miti-
gate,¨ explaineo Cornelius.
Restorations, enhancements ano cre-
ations are all paths to mitigating on-site.
A restoration is almost always the sim-
plest approach,¨ Cornelius saio.
The restoration methoo mitigates to a
site that useo to be a wetlano. It is the
prelerreo option since it is easier to pre-
oict how the mitigateo wetlano will lunc-
tion.
Mitigation through enhancements
means making an existing wetlano better.
The complications arise when organiza-
tions try to oeline the woro better.` More
water ooes not necessarily increase lunc-
tionality ol a wetlano.
The creation methoo is the most oilli-
cult to accomplish. It involves taking lano
that was never a wetlano ano making it
into one. You must plan lor getting ano
keeping water at the site, establishing veg-
etation ano ensuring lunctionality. Ano
that`s hoping everything goes well ouring
the construction process.
It`s a haro roao to hoe,¨ Cornelius
saio. Feople are really gun shy ol cre-
ations.¨
In general, on-site mitigation takes a
long time but is usually cheaper than
other mitigation options. It requires the
lano owner to maintain the mitigation
ano the use ol a certilieo inoivioual who
will assess ano plan lor mitigation.
A secono mitigation option is the use
ol a mitigation bank. It is a lorm ol envi-
ronmental market traoing` where wet-
lanos are oevelopeo creating creoits.
These creoits can then be solo to others
to ollset the loss ol wetlanos elsewhere.
The ioea is to take sites we know are
oegraoeo, maybe they are being larmeo
alreaoy or have been oamageo in some
way, ano replace them with sites we know
are better,¨ Cornelius explaineo.
Any entity, commercial or private, may
use the regular Wetlano Bank, though
prices are generally high oue to large cor-
porate purchases. To combat this, Min-
nesota has lormeo an Agricultural Wet-
lano Bank.
To qualily lor the Ag Bank, many re-
quirements must be met along with a cer-
tilieo oetermination ol the wetlano in
question. The more recent your oetermi-
nation, the more likely it is to be certilieo.
The Ag Bank`s service area is oivioeo
by watersheos in Minnesota. Renville
County is split into two areas with two
watersheos. To buy creoits in the same
service area as the replaceo wetlano, it is
on a 1:1 basis. Creoits lrom an aojacent
bank service area may be purchaseo lor
2:1, meaning purchasing two times the
creoits you oraineo.
Mitigation banking is generally more
expensive than on-site mitigation. It is a
less complicateo process, therelore quick-
er to execute. Maintenance is not the re-
sponsibility ol the inoivioual purchasing
creoits, but it is their responsibility to oo
the leg work ol contacting ano negotiat-
ing lor wetlano bank creoits. Iortunately,
inlormation about Ag Bank ano wetlano
mitigation in general can be louno on the
Minnesota Boaro ol Water ano Soils
website: www.bwsr.state.mn.us ´wet-
lanos´.
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Tbere are many tblngs tarmers neeo to be aware ot betore oeclolng to mltlgate a wetlano.
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Wetlands Continued from page 19
AG SCENE - 22 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 23 - AG SCENE
Margin protection program
The main feature of the new Farm Bill
Dairy Title is the Dairy Producer Mar-
gin Protection Program. The Margin
Protection Program is a new and unique
safety net program that will provide
dairy producers with indemnity pay-
ments when actual dairy margins are
below the margin coverage levels the
producer chooses on an annual basis. Its
focus is to protect farm equity by guard-
ing against destructively low margins,
not to guarantee a profit to individual
producers. The Farm Bill requires the
Margin Protection Program to be estab-
lished no later than September 1, 2014.
The program supports producer mar-
gins, not prices and is designed to ad-
dress both catastrophic conditions as
well as prolonged periods of low mar-
gins. Under this program, the “margin”
will be calculated monthly by USDA
and is simply defined as the all-milk
price minus the average feed cost. Aver-
age feed cost is determined using a feed
ration that has been developed to more
realistically reflect those costs associated
with feeding the entire dairy farm enter-
prise consisting of milking cows, heifers,
and other related cost elements.
Margin Protection Program details are
as follows:
1. All dairy operations will be eligible
to participate in the program. If one or
more dairy producers participate in the
production and marketing of milk on a
single operation, all producers will be
treated as a single dairy operation. If a
dairy producer operates two or more op-
erations, each operation will be required
to register separately to participate in the
program.
2. In the first year of the Margin Pro-
tection Program, coverage will be limit-
ed solely to the volume of milk equiva-
lent to the producer’s production history.
Production history is defined as the high-
est level of annual milk production dur-
ing 2011, 2012 or 2013. In subsequent
years, annual adjustments to the produc-
er’s production history will be made
based on the national average growth in
overall US milk production as estimated
by USDA. Any growth beyond the na-
tional average increase will not be pro-
tected by the program.
3. In 5 percent increments, producers
will be able to protect from 25 percent
up to 90 percent of their production his-
tory.
4. Producers will be able to select mar-
gin protection coverage at 50 cent incre-
ments beginning at $4 per cwt. through
$8 per cwt. Premiums will be fixed for 5
years (through 2018) and are as follows:
Marketing under 4 million pounds
Coverage Level Premiums
*
$4.00 None
$4.50 $.01
$5.00 $.025
$5.50 $.04
$6.00 $.055
$6.50 $.09
$7.00 $.217
$7.50 $.30
$8.00 $.475
*Except for the premium at the $8.00
level, these premiums will be reduced by
25 percent for each of calendar years
2014 and 2015 and only for marketings
under 4 million pounds.
Marketing over 4 million pounds
Coverage Level Premiums
$4.00 None
$4.50 $.02
$5.00 $.04
$5.50 $.10
$6.00 $.155
$6.50 $.29
$7.00 $.83
$7.50 $1.06
$8.00 $1.36
5. Payments will be made to producers
based on the percentage of their produc-
tion history they have chosen to protect
(25-90 percent) and the level of margin
coverage they have selected ($4.50 to $8
per cwt.). Payments will be distributed
when margins fall below $4 (or below
the selected level of coverage if a produc-
er has selected a level above $4) for two
consecutive months (defined as Jan-Feb,
Mar-Apr, May-Jun, Jul- Aug, Sep-Oct,
Nov-Dec)
6. Farmers will pay an annual admin-
istrative fee of $100 in order to access
the new Margin Protection Program.
7. Should conditions warrant, the
MILC payments will be temporarily
available for dairy producers until the
implementation of the Margin Protec-
tion Program or September 1, 2014 –
whichever occurs first.
Dairy product donation program
The new Farm Bill also creates a new
Dairy Product Donation Program that
would be triggered in the event of ex-
tremely low operating margins for dairy
farmers and would also provide nutrition
assistance to individuals in low income
groups by requiring USDA to purchase
dairy products for donation to food
banks and other feeding programs.
The new program would only activate
if margins fall below $4.00 for two con-
secutive months and would require
USDA to purchase dairy products for
three consecutive months, or until mar-
gins rebound above $4.00. The program
would trigger out if US prices exceed in-
ternational prices by more than 5 per-
cent. Under this provision USDA would
purchase a variety of dairy products to
distribute to food banks or related non-
profit organizations. USDA is required
to distribute, not store, these products.
Organizations receiving USDA pur-
chased dairy products would be prohib-
ited from selling the products back into
commercial markets.
Programs that were eliminated
In addition to the creation of the Mar-
gin Protection Program and the Dairy
Product Donation Program, the new
Farm Bill eliminates the outmoded and
ineffective Dairy Product Price Support
Program and the Dairy Export Incentive
Program. The Federal Milk Marketing
Order Review Commission established
in the previous Farm Bill is also eliminat-
ed. As noted earlier, once the Margin
Protection Program is up and running,
the Milk Income Loss Coverage (MILC)
program will also be eliminated.
Programs that were renewed
Three existing dairy programs will be
renewed under provisions of the new
Farm Bill: the Dairy Promotion and Re-
search Program (“checkoff”), the Dairy
Indemnity Program, and the Dairy For-
ward Pricing Program. The authority for
all three programs is extended through
2018.
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2014 farm bill
Summary of dairy title provisions
Submitted by Doug Peterson,
President of the Minnesota Farmers
Union
AG SCENE - 24 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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With the propane shortages impacting
several areas across the Midwest and the
State of Minnesota, McLeod County
Emergency Management would like to en-
courage citizens who use propane as a
heating source to be aware of their propane
use. With supplies at 50 percent of the av-
erage amount of propane on hand this year
and the high cost of the propane, McLeod
County Emergency Management is pre-
planning in conjunction with local public
health, hospitals, energy assistance
providers, local propane suppliers, and
emergency responders.
Even though the propane suppliers are
not currently having issues supplying gas to
their customers, propane consumers need
to start to plan what they would do if they
run out of propane and have to leave their
homes. Here are some bullet points to con-
sider:
• Conserve energy as much as possible.
Turn down thermostats.
• Reach out to family and friends for as-
sistance.
• Check on your neighbors, especially the
elderly and the young.
• Call 9-1-1 only in a crisis.
• Make sure home smoke and carbon
monoxide detectors are installed and work-
ing.
• If you have questions about fire protec-
tion devices, contact your local fire depart-
ment.
• Plug heaters directly into the wall in-
stead of using an extension cord if the
heater draws more than 400 watts. Exten-
sion cords can over heat and cause fire haz-
ards. Check the cord and outlet occasional-
ly for overheating; if it feels hot, turn it off
and unplug it.
• Place heaters at least three feet away
from people, pets and anything com-
bustible, including paper, drapery, bed-
ding, and clothing.
• Place heaters on a level, hard, and non-
flammable surface. Not on rugs or carpets.
• Never use a gas oven to heat a house.
• Make sure all cords on electric heaters
are in good shape and check periodically
for any frays or breaks in the insulation sur-
rounding the wires.
• Any heating appliance with an open
flame needs to be vented to the outside to
eliminate the possibility of carbon monox-
ide poisoning.
• Carbon monoxide (CO) is odorless, col-
orless and tasteless. It is a gas that can build
up to dangerous concentrations indoors
when fuel-burning devices are not properly
vented, operated, or maintained.
Know the symptoms of CO poisoning:
headache, nausea, weakness and dizziness.
Local Resources for Heating Assistance:
• McLeod County Social Services 320-
864-3144 or 320-484-4330
• Heartland Community Action Agency
320-587-5244; 320-235-0850 Willmar Of-
fice
• Common Cup 320-587-2213
• Salvation Army Heat Share Program
1-800-842-7279
• Your Church
• Your Utility Company
Now is not the time to panic about this
shortage … there are agencies and people
already preparing for the worst, but hoping
for the best. This could turn out to be a
longer duration incident and may last until
the weather warms up across the nation
and supplies get back to their normal levels.
There is a lot of coordination between local
responders and vendors, as well as state
agencies. The public should know that now
is a great time to plan and prepare your
homes and families. A little preparation on
their part will go a long ways and make our
communities more resilient.
Propane shortage tips
Submitted by Kevin Mathews, Director of
McLeod County Emergency Management
AG SCENE - 26 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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The USDA is creating seven new Cli-
mate Hubs across the country to protect
agriculture from the
risks of Climate
Change. This is a con-
cept that has not been
voted on by Congress,
and will be done
through the power of
the President to make
the decision. What do I
think? This will be
nothing less than a
campaign issue for the
upcoming election.
Look for the new “hubs” to be located
where there are close Senate races. I do
think we need to monitor all weather,
and we have government funded “Na-
tional Weather Service” to do that. In
addition, we have USDA offices all
throughout the country that are capable
of this, not to mention Land Grant Uni-
versities, State Agriculture Department
offices and on and on. We simply have
too much duplication of services and all
of that means more dollars spent that
the taxpayer has to fund. If you think
I'm just picking on one party here, this
concept is nothing new. I remember a
Republican President creating some
new ag research centers across the coun-
try not that many years ago with a lot of
hoopla and all the wonderful things it
would do. One of those centers was
right here in Minneso-
ta. This is politics as
usual, but it shouldn't
be.
I’ve said many times
before that we need to
make priorities about
what is important,
look at existing infra-
structure and do
things that make eco-
nomic sense. In this
case, we don't need
more weather research centers.
Top issues for agriculture in the year
ahead:
- Low corn prices and their impact.
- Renewable fuels standard and what
might happen.
- PED virus in hogs and the impact on
supply.
- Reduced supply of cattle and high
consumer prices.
- Propane shortages and their impact
on agriculture.
- Impact of high rents and lower land
values.
USDA protects against
climate change risks
Lynn Ketelsen
Lynn Ketelson is the Farm Director
for Linder Farm Network.
I’ve always felt that government takes
simple problems and makes them diffi-
cult. That is the case
with our National En-
ergy Policy. Right now
we continue to rely on
buying the bulk of our
oil from an area of the
world that doesn’t real-
ly like us, and many
there would rather de-
stroy us. In essence, we
are funding our ene-
mies.
At the same time, we
are spending billions and even trillions
of dollars trying to find sources of energy
that are not working very well. And on
top of that, we are ignoring what is right
in front of us labeling it as bad and
sources of Global Warming. I’m refer-
ring to coal and oil.
My policy is simple. With some of the
money we are throwing into new ener-
gy, let’s make coal and oil cleaner. Ener-
gy is energy. It uses carbon when you
burn it or use it. If we take the dollars
we have been wasting on non starters in
energy and work it towards better use of
what we have, we can get the job done.
I would do extensive exploring in
Alaska, in the Gulf and off shore so we
know what we have. Same for natural
gas and coal. By most estimates, we
have hundreds of years all three to us.
With my model, we make the most of
what we have. Drill in Alaska in an envi-
ronmentally friendly
way. It can be done
and it should be done.
To take it further, if
we cut back on our
mid east purchases,
the price of oil will
drop dramatically.
That would be good.
With energy costs
down, the U.S. would
instantly become
more competitive in
the world for manufacturing, farming
and virtually all production. Good
wages, cheap energy. A winning combi-
nation.
The other thing I would do is work to
help Mexico add wealth to their country
through energy production. We need
them to have money. If there are jobs in
Mexico, people will stay there and they
will be a friend.
We also need to work with Canada,
buy their oil and form a North Ameri-
can energy alliance.
All of this seems simple. But from my
experience, the simpler the better.
Lynn’s energy policy
Lynn Ketelsen
Lynn Ketelson is the Farm Director
for Linder Farm Network.
AG SCENE - 28 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
AG SCENE
Section 2
FEBRUARY
22 & 23, 2014
By Dick Hagen
Contributing Reporter
Glencoe Advertiser
Finally a new Farm Bill! Should we be
elated? Does it provide what farmers need?
Is Federal Crop Insurance included? Will it
continue feeding millions of American (stu-
dents, elderly, and poor) through its special
nutrition titles? Is conservation taken care
of? Proper answer for these questions is
“apparently so.” Labeled as the Agricultur-
al Act of 2014, here are some basic facts:
• It totals 959 pages.
• The 5-year price tag is $489 billion.
• The nutrition program accounts for
$391 billion, 80 percent of the total cost.
• Crop Insurance gets $90 billion.
• Conservation gets $56 billion.
• Commodity programs get $44 billion.
• Direct payments are history.
• Conclusions today will likely be tem-
pered by factual analyses yet to unfold.
Commented Ryan Buck, President, Min-
nesota Corn Growers Association, “It’s
been a while since Minnesota’s corn farm-
ers went into a planting season with the cer-
tainty that a farm bill provides. It took a lot
longer than it needed to, but we finally have
a farm bill that strengthens crop insurance
and provides a market-orientated farm safe-
ty net while cutting our nation’s deficit by
$24 billion over the next 10 years. Being a
farmer requires patience and perseverance,
both of which came in handy during this
process. We look forward to the stability
that this farm bill will provide over the next
five years, and thank our allies in Congress
and the Senate who continued working on
this important piece of legislation even
when its chances of passage appeared un-
likely.”
Said Dave Frederickson, Minnesota De-
partment of Agriculture, “The fact that Di-
rect Payments got eliminated seemed some-
what logical in view of corn and soybean
prices reaching all time highs this past year.
But bear in mind that farmers are one of
the few that go to market on bended knee
uncertain as to what price their produce
will bring. A crop insurance package is so
important considering the tremendous fi-
nancial risk in farming today.”
Declared U.S. Representative Colin Pe-
terson who was instrumental in crafting the
final package, “We don’t pay people unless
there’s actually a reason, meaning a price
loss or a crop loss. Under the direct pay-
ments of the old bill, you got payments
whether you needed them or not.”
A critical component of the revised Crop
Insurance segment of the new farm bill dic-
tates that insurance payments are depend-
ent upon satisfactory conservation practices
being in place on participating farms. Or if
out of compliance that there is sufficient
time to implement what is needed.
However the bill cuts $6 billion from con-
servation over the next decade and lowers
the maximum acres enrolled in CRP to 24
million, down from 32 million under the
last bill. That loss of 8 million acres, or
12,500 square miles of grassland, is equal to
about 22 percent of the entire state of Iowa.
The bottom line: There will be less wildlife
habitat nationwide than there was just a few
years ago.
“We’re okay with that,” said John Mages,
Belgrade area farmer and Board member,
Minnesota Corn Growers Association.
“Most farmers are already in compliance so
I doubt this will be much of an issue.”
So who does the on-farm spot checking?
With rules and procedures yet to be spelled
out, Mages assumed conservation compli-
ance audits will most logically be the re-
sponsibility of the local NRCS agency.
He also indicated new target prices are
part of the crop insurance provision. Ac-
cording to Mages, the new prices are $3.70
for corn, $8.40 for soybeans and $5.50 for
wheat. Under the 2008 Farm Bill target
prices were $2.63 for corn, $5.50 for soy-
beans and $4.20 for wheat. Under the Price
Loss Coverage farmers will get payments if
crop prices fall below these target prices.
The bill includes target prices for 14 crops.
In a January 30 telephone conference call
with Senator Franken in his Washington of-
fice, Franken commented, “Yes, this has
taken an incredibly long time. What we
have is not perfect but is a good bipartisan
bill that will give Minnesota farmers and
farmers across the country the certainty
they need to plan for the future. It strength-
ens the farm safety net, will help create jobs
especially in the energy sector and this new
legislation saves money. This bill returns
$24 billion back to the treasury.”
Franken, along with Sen. Harkin, IA,
coauthored the Energy Title which has a
$900 million budget enabling farmers,
ranchers and rural businesses to deploy into
a continually expanding venue of renew-
able energy development projects.
Commented Franken, “We don’t have
oil; we don’t have natural gas. But Min-
nesota is rich in biomass; we make biofuels;
we have wind; we have solar; we have geot-
hermal. Already we are the #2 user of the
REAP (Rural Energy for America Program)
second to Iowa.” REAP provides low-cost
loans and grants for energy efficiency proj-
ects and for renewable in rural America.
He also takes some credit for the $100
million package for beginning farmers and
ranchers commenting, “It's important that
we invest in the next generation of farmers
and ranchers.” He indicated this item is for
the training and education to help them
overcome the steep financial burdens they
face in starting in agriculture. Veterans
have some special provisions in this pack-
age.
Expressing pleasure about his successful
effort to preserve the sugar program
Franken said, “I was on the Senate floor
during that debate and did convert some of
my colleagues who were on the fence to
vote in favor of this measure. Our sugar
program supports thousands of jobs and bil-
lions of dollars into our economy, especially
here in Minnesota.”
Added Mages, “The first and foremost
job of the Minnesota Corn Growers Associ-
ation was getting this Farm Bill over the fin-
ish line. Second most important was the
protection of a crop insurance program.
Last year the Midwest experienced a major
drought. Without crop insurance you
would have seen a lot of ad hoc disaster as-
sistance efforts. But because of Federal
Crop Insurance none of that was necessary.
We realize farm bills are written for the bad
times in agriculture, not the good times. Im-
portant in this new farm bill was the right
language in place for tough times.
“We’re okay kissing good-bye to direct
payments but we need some protection in
difficult times and that’s why the new Crop
Insurance program will be vital. Plus this
new program gives us choices. Farming is
so different across our nation, even within
our state, so choices reflecting those
changes are necessary,” summed up Mages.
Franken was not aware of any special
language relating to the tiling of farmland
but did mention an often heard criticism
that too much tiling contributes to flooding.
Finally a new farm bill!
Ryan Buck, president
Minnesota Corn Growers Association
John Mages, board member
Minnesota Corn Growers Association
Farm bill
Turn to page 30
- 29 -
AG
SCENE
2014
AG
SCENE
2014
AG
SCENE
2014
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AG SCENE - 30 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
“However, I’m told you can now use tiling
to store water in your soils as needed. Con-
gressman Colin Peterson is an expert on
drainage and flooding so I respect his com-
ments.”
A caller on this Jan. 30 conference con-
nection said he had scanned much of the
959 pages but asked if there were limits as
to how much an individual farmer could re-
ceive in crop insurance payments. He made
reference to a large area beet grower who
received $1 million in insurance subsidy
payments last year and wondered if this
new 5-year farm bill continued the same
banana?
Franken responded, “As I said earlier this
is not a perfect bill. But in order to get the
conservation compliance included we had
to make some concessions. Our bill coming
out of the Senate last summer would have
limited these huge payments. But the
House would not agree to that language. I
had proposed insurance payments be low-
ered to any farmer exceeding $750,000
gross adjusted income.”
Franken said the U.S. Sugar Program ba-
sically stays intact. He acknowledged the
NAFT (North American Free Trade) agree-
ment opened the doors to substantial
amounts of sugar coming in from Mexico.
However in exchange, U.S. farmers have
been exporting record amounts of corn,
soybeans, pork and beef into Mexico. “You
don’t get perfect agreements when multiple
commodities are at stake. However we were
able to get enough votes to keep the sugar
program in place.”
The “no net cost to taxpayers” of the
sugar program is apparently history, at least
for the time being. Because sugar prices fell
below a previously agreed price, USDA
purchased 70 million pounds of sugar to
feed honey bees; another 90 million pounds
went to feed livestock.
On the Margin Insurance proposal for
the Dairy Title, Franken indicated that
under the old farm bill this was a voluntary
option. He declined to offer a specific com-
ment since details of the dairy program are
still under debate.
How do major farm commodity groups
react?
Commented Iowa farmer and American
Soybean Association President Ray Gaess-
er, "Without a farm bill we had no certainty
when it comes to risk management, export
market promotion, programs that assist our
industry’s growing biodiesel and biogases
products sectors, and countless others.”
ASA applauds the bill’s risk management
framework; its strengthening of crop insur-
ance; streamlining and optimization of con-
servation programs; investment in critical
trade development and renewables like
biodiesel and biobased products; support
for beginning farmers and ranchers and ac-
knowledgment of the role of agricultural re-
search.
Said National Corn Growers Association
President Martin Barbre,“This legislation
provides an adequate and flexible farm
safety net, plus a strong federal crop insur-
ance program. More importantly, farmers
need the certainty of a new five-year law.”
Among other specific provisions, the bill:
• Maintains decoupled farm support pro-
grams that will minimize the possibility of
planting and production distortions that
could trigger new World Trade Organiza-
tion challenges.
• Allows farmers to maintain existing
crop acreage base or reallocate their cur-
rent base to reflect average acres planted to
covered commodities 2009-2012.
• Consolidates 23 previous conservation
programs into 13, and focuses conservation
efforts on working lands.
• Maintains authorizations for important
agricultural research programs plus includ-
ing a new Foundation for Food and Agri-
culture Research that will provide a struc-
ture and mandatory funding for new pub-
lic/private partnerships and investments
that will further USDA’s research mission.
• Maintains authorizations and funding
levels for export promotion.
• Continues the combined authorization
Farm bill Continued from page 29
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of both agricultural and nutrition programs,
a linkage essential in enacting every farm
bill since 1974.
Said Doug Peterson, Minnesota Farmers
Union President, “We are giving farmers
what they need and deserve – security as
they plan for the future.”
Some additional Farmers Union priori-
ties included in the bill are:
• Approximately $4 billion in livestock
disaster funds, retroactively available to
those who suffered tremendous losses last
October;
• Includes $30 million a year in mandato-
ry funding for the Farmers Market and
Local Food Promotion Program, with $10
million a year in discretionary funding;
• Includes $20 million a year in mandato-
ry funding for the Organic Agriculture Re-
search and Extension Initiative;
• Increases access for livestock producers
to Environmental Quality Incentives Pro-
gram (EQIP) benefits, along with many
other supportive policies for the livestock in-
dustry;
• Does not make any legislative changes
to the Country-of-Origin Labeling (COOL)
law.
Said Minnesota Farm Bureau Federation
President Kevin Paap, “We appreciate the
decision to protect and strengthen the fed-
eral crop insurance program and not re-
duce its funding, as well as the approval of a
commodity program that provides varied
safety net options. This new farm bill will
encourage farmers to follow market signals.
Most importantly, the bill is fiscally respon-
sible.”
Summing up: Finally a farm bill for both
Agricultural producers and America’s con-
sumers but as we all know the devil is in the
details. So perhaps this comment by Lance
Peterson, board member, Minnesota Corn
Growers Association, is most relevant. Said
Peterson, “This bill is so new that lots of
sharp minds will now be analyzing the lan-
guage and all of its various components.
Until we have more analyses from people
who know this stuff, what best fits our oper-
ation today is still an uncertainty.”
And a final note from Jay Lehr, Science
Director, The Heartland Institute, “It is a
sad commentary on American politics that
after more than two years of haggling over
the desire to have a more fair and stream-
lined farm bill we end up with essentially
the same mess we have had for decades.
The greatest travesty is that we still call it a
farm bill when, in fact, 80 percent of the
funding goes not to farms, but to the 47
million Americans on food stamps, as well
as a few school lunch programs.”
Kevin Paap, president
Minneosta Farm Bureau Federation
Doug Peterson, president
Minneosta Farmers Union
Farm bill Continued from page 30
AG SCENE - 32 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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By ShcIhy Lindrud
Editor, RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
Iarmers walk a narrow line between
ooing all they can to proouce the largest
yieloing crop while trying to keep costs
unoer control. When it comes to corn
proouction there are a lew places proouc-
ers can locus on to oo both, as Jell Coul-
ter, Lniversity ol Minnesota Extension
corn specialist explaineo.
Cbooslng tbe best bybrlo
There are literally hunoreos ol oiller-
ent types ol corn seeo on the market. The
choice the larmer makes can make or
break their season.
Hybrio selection is critical,¨ saio
Coulter. That is real,¨ ano lew other oe-
cisions allect yielo more than seeo.
Ior several years the Lniversity ol
Minnesota has evaluateo the oillerent hy-
brios available to Minnesota larmers. In
2013, the school researcheo 8! types. The
oillerence between those 8! seeos was
huge. The top 10 varieties proouceo a
yielo ol 213 bushels per acre while the
bottom 10 only harvesteo an average ol
1o¯ bushels. That is a oillerence ol !8
bushels per acre. Frevious years have also
shown great oillerences between the top
ano bottom perlorming seeos. In 2008,
when 1!9 oillerent hybrios were in the
stuoy, the oillerence was o9 bushels. The
lowest came in 2011, when 3¯ bushels was
the oillerence between the top ano bot-
tom.
Since 2008 the Lniversity has recoro-
eo the yielos ol early maturity hybrios
ano how the seeo ooes ouring wetter
years.
How oo oillerent hybrios perlorm,¨
Coulter saio.
During the last live years, early maturi-
ty hybrios actually brought in less corn
than those who mature at 101 to 10o
oays.
However, early corn hao less moisture
in the grain ouring harvest, probably be-
cause they have a longer time to ory on
the stalk belore harvest.
When the seeo goes in the grouno can
also greatly allect the eno proouct.
When we oelay planting yielo goes
oown,¨ Coulter saio.
Across the boaro, yielo oroppeo on av-
erage six percent il the crop planting was
oelayeo until late May. Regaroless ol
when the seeo went in, those seeos which
matureo at 9! oays hao consistently lower
yielos than the 10! or 99 oay varieties.
The bottom line is larmers neeo to re-
search the seeo belore oecioing to put it in
the grouno.
Speno some time on it,¨ saio Coulter.
Cbooslng tbe rlgbt seeo ls probably tbe most lmportant oeclslon a
tarmer wlll make.
Flle pboto
Seeo
Turn to page 6
Seed
Turn to page 33
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 33 - AG SCENE
One tor tbe blackblro, one tor tbe
crow, one tor tbe soll ano one to
grow.
Another treno in larming lately is seeo
rates, how much seeo a larmer puts in the
grouno. Ano we`re not talking just a lew
kernels extra, but thousanos. The goal is
more plants ano more corn. While the
eno result might not always be what is
hopeo lor, the positive is there seems to
be very lew negative ellects lor higher
rates.
No or little yielo loss, just wasteo
seeo,¨ Coulter saio.
The extra seeo also oio not require
more nitrogen, a very important nutrient
lor corn.
It oion`t matter what the seeo rate
was,¨ Coulter explaineo, the corn reacteo
the same way to the nitrogen.
Aooing 1¯¯ pounos ol nitrogen per
acre seemeo to proouce the maximum
yielo, regaroless ol seeo count.
Nitrogen is a tricky animal,¨ aomit-
teo Coulter.
The research on seeo rates at the Lni-
versity oio show some yielo increase with
a higher rate.
Typically what we see is 3!,000 to
3o,000 seeos,¨ showing increaseo yielos,
Coulter saio. The 3o,000 rate always
proouceo net returns on the maximum,
regaroless ol where it was planteo, in
Lamberton, Waseca or Rochester.
Drougbt
With weather seeming to be all over
the map in the past lew years, linoing a
high yieloing seeo which can also pro-
ouce in orier conoitions is high on the list
lor both researchers ano larmers.
Iarmers are very interesteo,¨ saio
Coulter.
In lour ol the past live years southern
Minnesota has oealt with some level ol
orought in late August ano early Septem-
ber, a treno that coulo be here to stay. It
can be oillicult to oo research on how
perlormance relates to precipitation in
the lielo, the Lniversity oio a stuoy in
Becker in 2013. Two oillerent seeos, a
orought-tolerant hybrio ano one regular
hybrio, were stuoy in three oillerent types
ol orought stress.
The orought-tolerant seeo saw an 11
percent increase in yielo when orought
allecteo the plant lrom the V1! to Ro
growth stages. The orought-tolerant seeo
was also louno not to reouce yielo in
times ol aoequate moisture ano oio not
have oillerent nitrogen requirements as
other hybrios.
It looks like they oo have potential,¨
saio Coulter.
Seeo Contlnueo trom page 5
Pesearcblng tbe soll
to tlno blgber ylelos
By ShcIhy Lindrud
Editor, RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
In the past !0 years, grain yielo has
ooubleo ano it keeps going up. The yearly
increase is an average ol 2.o¯ bushels per
acre. Most, il not all, ol that growth can
be tieo back to genetics ano the number
ol plants being grown. But, are there
other things people shoulo be looking at
when it comes to crop proouction? What
about the soil itsell ?
Those are the questions Faulo Fagliari
ano his team at the Lniversity ol Min-
nesota Southwest Research ano Outreach
Center in Lamberton are trying to an-
swer. Can we increase corn grain yielo be-
yono genetic improvement by looking at
the lertility ano biology ol the soil it is
planteo in? Is there a limit to how high
yielos can go? Ano can we make yielo less
variable?
Why oo you see that range?¨ askeo
Fagliari, about the vast oillerence ol yielo
in one lielo.
A research project going through 201¯
is trying to lino answers to those ques-
tions. The team is looking at the lertility,
biology, soil moisture ano temperature to
lino out what ooes ano what ooes not play
a role in crop growth.
A lielo south ol Reowooo Ialls has
been oivioeo into many oillerent plots
where resioue ,which is the carbon in the
equation, was either removeo or incorpo-
rateo ano the nitrogen, phosphorus ano
sullur was broaocast ano incorporateo.
The levels ol all these nutrients were var-
ieo to see what oillerences coulo be ois-
cerneo. Even belore treatment, re-
searchers louno a lot ol variability in what
was originally in the soil.
The results ol the experiments were
originally all over the place.
It is so complex we oon`t unoer-
stano,¨ aomitteo Fagliari. There are big
interactions.¨
However, the research oio show there
are things to learn ano manipulate in the
soil to possibly increase the yielos.
Over the next lew seasons the re-
searchers plan to reouce the number ol
plots being sampleo, monitor soil back-
grouno levels lor selecteo plots, plant oe-
velopment ano nutrient uptake, soil mois-
ture content, temperatures ano the bio-
mass, grain yielo ano nutrient uptake by
the grain.
We`re trying to come up with tools
that can be integrateo,¨ into a larmer`s
arsenal, saio Fagliari.
Seed Continued from page 32
AG SCENE - 34 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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10603 Boone Road & HWY 212
PLATO, MN 55370
Cash in on our windbreak special! We will be offering significant discounts
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AG SCENE - 36 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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ERVIN WELL COMPANY
1312 West DePue Ave. • Olivia, MN
320-523-1621
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PO Box 368
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888-826-2670
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Thursday, March 6th
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LAW OFFICE
107 N. 9th St.
Olivia, MN
(320)523-1322
338 N. Main St.
Renville, MN
(320)523-1322
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(320)587-8150
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(320)286-2396
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 37 - AG SCENE
Tbe lanomark seeo bouse.
Pboto by Sbelby Llnoruo
ll+ qcar-
cl -ccd
lrad|l|cn
By ShcIhy Lindrud
Editor, RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
It is a business built on lamily, traoi-
tion ano orive to not only make their
lives better, but the lives ano yielos ol the
larmers arouno them. Enestveot Seeo
Company was establisheo in 1900, be-
coming one ol the oloest, il not the olo-
est, lamily run seeo companies in the
State ol Minnesota. Ior 11! years En-
estveot has ollereo its customers the best
proouct available with the kinoness ol
neighbors.
We can oller a more personal aspect
ano quality seeos lor this area,¨ saio
Roger Enestveot, thiro generation to leao
the company ano granoson ol the
lounoer, Engebret German Enestveot, or
E.G.
Lnestveot
Turn to page 2
Enestvedt
Turn to page 38
AG SCENE - 38 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
|·o¦ess|ooa| C·oo Ca·e |ooe b¸ /|·
Richard Sigurdson
Office
320-523-2186
Cell
320-979-8326
P.O. Box 169
Olivia, MN 56277
Willmar
Aerial
Spraying, Inc.
Tbe tounoer
The Enestveots ol Sacreo Heart were
alreaoy establisheo resioents ol the area
when E.G. starteo his seeo business. The
lamily immigrateo lrom Numeoal, Nor-
way in 18oo. The lamily arriveo at what
woulo become the lamily larm on June
2¯, 18o¯. The lamily has liveo ano
workeo on this homesteao south ol Sa-
creo Heart ever since.
E.G.`s lather oieo at only ¯2, leaving
E.G.`s oloest brother, Ole, Jr., in charge ol
the larm. That is until E.G. graouateo
lrom the Lniversity ol Minnesota. While
at the L learning about agriculture, E.G.
began selling MN 13,` an open pollinat-
eo seeo corn, the very beginning ol what
woulo become seeo genetics. It was also
the beginning ol Enestveot Seeo Compa-
ny.
In 190¯, at the age ol 2¯, E.G. bought
the lamily larm lrom his mother lor
S1,o00. The location ol the larm, shel-
tereo within the river valley, maoe it a
perlect place lor this new breeo ol corn,
because the crop woulo be protecteo by
any outsioe pollination. E.G. became im-
merseo in prooucing seeo lor not only
corn, but other small grains.
He was interesteo in seeo ano im-
proving varieties, especially corn ano
small grain,¨ saio Roger. He wanteo to
better the inoustry.¨
E.G. was so successlul with his corn
seeo, he won lirst place lor Minnesota
corn at the International Corn Show helo
in Chicago in 190o.
To oo gooo grain larming, we must
aovance ano improve our grain, lor the
minute we lose sight ol this, our titles as
gooo larmers will souno rather hollow. Il
we are to oream ol improving our grain,
we must have pure stock,¨ E.G. wrote in
the Minnesota Iielo Crop Breeoers Asso-
ciation publication.
At the Sacreo Heart larm, E.G. con-
tinueo to increase not only the amount ol
lano he hao, but the builoings on it. He
mixeo his own cement ano poureo his
own blocks lor the massive barn that
woulo one oay become the seeo house,
instantly recognizable to many in the
area.
When it came to lano purchase, E.G.
went alter it almost single minoeoly. His
main goal was to provioe all ol his sons
with a larm. He woulo leverage his holo-
ings, borrowing against the lano he hao
to purchase more. By the time ol his
oeath E.G.`s larm was 1,800 acres. It hao
starteo at 2o0.
Tbe sons
E.G.`s passing came tragically early, at
the age ol !2, lrom complications oue to
oiabetes, ano probably over work.
He kept in the seeo business,¨ until
his oeath, saio Roger.
E.G. lelt behino a wile, live young chil-
oren ano a larm heavily in oebt. But
Clara, E.G`s wile, trieo to holo on to hope
in the lorm ol 13 bushels ol E.G.`s seeo
corn, all with the intention ol keeping
Enestveot seeo alloat.
Granoma kept the larm going until
the boys were olo enough,¨ saio Roger.
Clara liquioateo almost everything to
pay oll the oebt, ano all ol the lano E.G.
hao purchaseo was solo until the larm
was back to its original 2o0 acres.
E.G`s three sons Ooean, Johannes
ano Bert all brought something oiller-
ent to the business when they entereo it.
Ooean was the politician, who eventually
serveo in the state legislature lor nine
terms as a representative. Johannes, or
Johnnie, was the inventor, always linoing
new ano exciting ways ol ooing things.
Ano Bert maoe things happen, becoming
the lace` ol the business when he linally
settleo oown to it alter a stint as a Mer-
chant Marine in Alaska.
I think they wanteo to take over,¨
Roger, Johnnie`s son, saio.
Lnoer the trio`s guioance, Enestveot
grew steaoily.
The boys were a lot more conserva-
tive,¨ when it came to aooing lano ano
going into oebt, shareo Roger. They hao
learneo their lesson alter the oeath ol
their lather.
Things were changing in the seeo busi-
ness when the sons took over. The lirst
hybrio corn was hitting the market, ano
with it a new way ol planting was neeo-
eo. No longer coulo open pollination be
useo. Insteao the planting ol the seeo
neeoeo to be oone just so. Johnnie enoeo
up inventing his own planter to meet the
neeos.
Hybrios also brought about the neeo
lor oetassling, a summer job that has be-
come synonymous with Enestveot, mostly
because ol the great looo that went along
with the haro work. Those oinners were
lirst starteo by Granomother Clara ano
then pickeo up by Johnnie`s wile, Sis ano
Bert`s wile Verne. Now Roger`s niece
Brenoa Holm is in charge ol the oinners.
The brothers woulo also aoo on to the
barn E.G. lirst createo with his own
hanos, builoing the seeo house you see
tooay.
We still use that builoing,¨ saio Roger.
With Ooean busy with his political ca-
reer, most ol the business lell to Johnnie
ano Bert.
Bert became so active in the soybean
inoustry when it starteo, even helping es-
tablish the Minnesota Soybean Associa-
tion, that the Lniversity ol Minnesota
gilteo him with his very own variety ol
soybean, the Bert.`
It was a gooo one, lortunately,¨
laugheo Roger. It lasteo quite a lew
years.¨
Lnlike the lormer two generations, the
brothers were gilteo with long lives.
Ooean oieo in 1988. Johnnie passeo
Lnestveot Contlnueo trom page 1
Lnestveot
Turn to page 3
Enestvedt Continued from page 37
Enestvedt
Turn to page 39
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 39 - AG SCENE
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Lnestveot Contlnueo trom page 4
away in 2012 at the age ol 9¯, six weeks
alter the oeath ol his beloveo wile, Sis.
Bert, while retireo, still linos himsell
oown at the seeo house most oays.
Tbe granoson ano tbe tuture
I`ve been involveo all ol my lile,¨ saio
Roger, who lirst starteo working lull time
at the seeo company in 19¯9, taking over
in 200!.
Irom the time he was young all he
wanteo to oo was larm ano be part ol the
lamily leeo company.
He loves playing in the oirt,¨ saio
Roger`s wile, Rose. Ano that`s all he
wants to oo.¨
Roger is continuing the legacy his
granolather, lather ano uncles starteo be-
lore him. He still ollers the best proouct
he is able ano still treats his customers
more like lrienos than business associates.
A lot ol them are lile-long cus-
tomers,¨ explaineo Roger. The granola-
thers once oio business with E.G. ano
now the granosons ano great-granosons
are oealing with Roger. Now we`re on
the lourth generation.¨
Enestveot Seeos ollers not only corn,
but soybeans, wheat ano oats.
They`re raiseo here ano lor this
area,¨ Roger saio.
To create the seeos he sells, Roger pur-
chases the inoivioual seeo baseo on the
genetics he is look lor. He then creates the
hybrio by cross pollinating the male ano
lemale plants. Alter harvest the seeo is
graoeo, treateo, baggeo ano then shippeo
out.
Every year Enestveot Seeo`s reach
grows longer. While the majority ol busi-
ness is oone in Minnesota, Iowa ano
South Dakota, Roger has larmers in New
York ano other states who buy every year.
We neeo to insure their success, so we
can be successlul,¨ aooeo Roger.
While Roger has no plans to retire in
the near luture, he hopes the next genera-
tion is waiting in the wings. His son,
8ert ano Poger Lnestveot, tbe secono ano tblro generatlon ot one ot tbe oloest seeo companles ln tbe state.
Pboto by Sbelby Llnoruo
Lnestveot
Turn to page 4
Enestvedt Continued from page 38
Enestvedt
Turn to page 40
AG SCENE - 40 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
Tyler, who is an agriculture lenoer in the
area, works at the seeo company when he
has the time. He`s also helpeo by his two
lull-time employees Greg Reek ano Alex
Anoerson.
Tbe more tblngs cbange
Even ouring Roger`s 3¯ years in the
company there have been many changes.
Go back even lurther ano the upgraoes at
Enestveot Seeo are amazing.
It went lrom horses in my granola-
ther`s oay to small tractors to larger trac-
tors to even larger tractors to tractors that
orive themselves across the lielo,¨ saio
Roger.
The science in the seeos have also
translormeo over the years. Now compa-
nies like Enestveot can create a seeo that
can be weeo, pest ano orought resistance,
while increasing yielos.
Now ol course there is so much more
technology,¨ explaineo Roger. Really im-
proveo yielos.¨
Ol course, technology can`t oo every-
thing ano science has yet to match Moth-
er Nature.
Nature always has a way arouno
things,¨ saio Roger.
All ol the gaogets ano computers are
also changing how Roger ooes business,
ano he ooesn`t like some ol what it has
oone, but realizes change is constant.
It takes away some ol the personal
aspect ol one-on-one oealing, lace to lace
communication,¨ Roger saio.
Despite the changes brought on by
technology, the challenges Roger laces are
not all that oillerent lrom what E.G.,
Johnnie ano Bert laceo. Weather still
neeos to be laceo, the grain markets liveo
with.
Iorecasting what the larmers will
neeo years in aovance,¨ shareo Roger.
As time passeo, so oio many ol the
lamily-owneo seeo companies. Once they
probably totaleo in the hunoreos, saio
Roger.
Maybe hall a oozen seeo companies
in the state,¨ are still owneo by inoivioual
lamilies, insteao ol major corporations,
aooo Roger.
So, why has the Enestveot Seeo Com-
pany surviveo lor 11! years?
Our heritage, prioe in the lamily
business, customers ano commtiment to
improve,¨ believes Roger.
Being privately owneo also gives Roger
the chance to oller things his competitors
cannot or are not reaoy lor.
Il we see a change we can act on it
laster than a larger company,¨ explaineo
Roger, because he ooesn`t have to oeal
with the politics or get permission lrom a
boaro.
Roger is also more llexible, able to
work with his customers on their scheo-
ules. Il that means a Sunoay night visit,
sobeit. Because, in the eno, it is ano al-
ways has been the customers the En-
estveots have careo the most about. Even
when other companies might have raiseo
the price ol seeo, alter a major storm
when many hao to replant their crops,
Johnnie reluseo to increase his prices. In-
steao he solo his seeo at the same price he
oio in the spring.
You oon`t kick a man when he`s
oown,¨ Johnnie once tolo his son Curt, a
story shareo in Seeos Sown Through
Time` a book written about the Enestveot
Seeo Company, Johnnie ano Sis.
The Enestveot Seeo Company tries to
embooy the characteristics ol the gentle-
man larmer by always taking care ol their
lrienos ano customers.
Obviously without our customers, we
woulon`t be in business,¨ saio Roger.
Lnestveot Contlnueo trom page 3
Tbe seeo grown, barvesteo ano baggeo at Lnestveot wlll tlno ltselt all
over tbe country wben tbe tlme comes tor plantlng.
Pboto by Sbelby Llnoruo
Enestvedt Seed
Company
0akc rnc rcaa rc 1ucsrvcars,
'
0nc wa¸ rc bcrrcr ¸:cías¨
Established in 1900
Certilied Hybrid Seed Corn
(Conventional, VT3, RR, CRW, CB and Stacked Varieties}
Enestvedt`s RR Soybean Seed And
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M.P.S. Seeds
QUALITY PRODUCTS FOR A REASONABLE PRICE
Contact
Enestvedt Seed Company
75802 Co. Rd 12, Sacred Heart, MN 56285
320-765-2728
or one of our dealers
Producers and Processors of
www.enestvedtseeds.com
Enestvedt Continued from page 39
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 41 - AG SCENE
Buckentin Bros. Seed
Independent Sales Representatives for -
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Matt Buckentin
(320) 247-3187
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(320) 296-6260
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Photos by Rich Glennie
The McLeod County Corn and
Soybean Growers Association
held its 30th annual banquet and
ag appreciation night at the Pla-
Mor Ballroom in Glencoe and
honored some of those in atten-
dance. Above, Francis Svoboda,
left, past president of the McLeod
County Corn and Soybean
Growers, received a plaque from
current president Brian Thal-
mann. At right, Mary Hodson, rep-
resenting the Hutchinson Ag
Business Community, accepted
the Friend of Agriculture plaque
from Brian Thalmann. The Glen-
coe Area Chamber of Commerce
also received the award, but had
no representative in attendance.
AG SCENE - 42 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
T
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TO ALL OF THOSE WHO TRUSTED
US TO BUILD THE BEST POSSIBLE!
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 43 - AG SCENE
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Soybean apblos attack, but wben to treat!
By ShcIhy Lindrud
Editor, RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
They`re tiny, nearly microscopic, but
leave them untreateo ano they can take
over a soybean lielo, oecreasing a larmer`s
yielo. Soybean aphios arriveo in the Lnit-
eo States 1! years ago ano quickly became
one ol the number one pests. Iarmers
usually want to take care ol these little
bugs belore they become a big issue. With
soybeans selling lor much higher prices
than they were a oecaoe ago, has the time
to treat changeo? That is the question
South Dakota State Lniversity Entomolo-
gist Kelley Tillman trieo to answer ouring
the Winter Soils ano Crops Day helo at
the Granite Ialls American Legion Ieb. o.
The short answer is no,`¨ Tillman
saio.
When the aphios lirst arriveo on the
larm, much research was oone to ligure
out how to treat the plants by ooing yielo
loss experiments.
This took a lot ol time, crawling
arouno on your knees, counting aphios,¨
Tillman recounteo. Six states were in-
volveo in the research.
Researchers louno an economic injury
level ,EIL, which is the pest population in
the crop which can cause economic oam-
age or the money value ol the pest injury
which justilies the cost ol treatment.
The breakeven point,¨ explaineo Till-
man.
Where the EIL lalls oepenos on the
worth ol the crop ano how much it woulo
cost to treat the inlestation.
To be sure larmers treat the problem
belore it gets to the EIL, researchers also
ligureo out the oamage bounoary, the
population level ol aphios larmers neeo to
reach belore they shoulo think ol treating.
The oamage bounoary is also the point
when aphio injury can be measureo as
yielo loss.
It is a basic biological relationship be-
tween the pest ano plant,¨ saio Tillman.
In 200¯ the oamage bounoary was set
lor 2¯0 aphios per plant on 80 percent ol
the crop. The EIL was arouno o¯¯ aphios
per plant. However, these thresholos were
createo when beans were selling S¯ to So a
bushel. Tooay, even as prices go oown, a
bushel ol soybeans is letching at least S11
a bushel, il not higher. As such it woulo
make sense the oamage thresholos woulo
change with the prices.
Theoretically, saio Tillman, the EIL lor
soybeans inlesteo with aphios is now
arouno 380 per plant. However, the oam-
age bounoary has stayeo the same.
You can`t measure economic loss il
you haven`t reacheo the oamage bouno-
ary,¨ which was set as low as it can go
when the research was lirst conoucteo,
saio Tillman. That is why we still say you
can use 2¯0.¨
Ior those who might neeo a little extra
leao time to set up treatment, Tillman saio
200 aphios per plant is alright.
Some larmers might think treating an
aphio problem at lirst sign ol the bugs
Apblos
Turn to page 17
Tbey may be small, but soybean apblos can cause a blg problem.
Flle pboto
Aphids
Turn to page 44
AG SCENE - 44 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
Apblos Contlnueo trom page 16
might be an intelligent oecision. Tillman
oisagrees.
You oo not neeo, in lact in can be
counter intuitive, to orop below 200,¨
Tillman saio. Olten lower aphio popula-
tions never get to the oamage bounoary.¨
Treating belore the oamage bounoary
woulo just be a waste ol time ano money,
aooeo Tillman. A single, well-timeo ap-
plication ol treatment is olten better ano
taking care ol the problem than two ill-
timeo treatments.
Tillman also shareo in the upper Mio-
west there is usually a secono wave ol
aphios later in the season. So, il a larmer
treats too early, they`ll have to re-treat
anyway il the secono wave is enough to
reach the oamage bounoary.
Scientists, entomologists ano other re-
searchers are still haro at it, trying to lino
new ways to treat or even stop aphios en-
tirely.
Tillman oiscusseo the large regional
stuoy being oone in insecticioal seeo
treatments to see il they work ano il there
is any bao sioe ellects lor pollinators.
During the stuoy in South Dakota, the
lielos hao to be treateo twice ouring the
growing season.
Also on the verge ol breaking through
are aphio resistant soybean seeo varieties.
There are two types ol aphio resistant
genes available commercially, Rag 1 ano
Rag 2. The seeo can have just one ol
these genes or both.
Even the single gene are ooing quite
a lot,¨ saio Tillman ano the two gene
bleno is even better, showing no aphios in
the lielos. Excellent yielo protection.¨
Some larmers might be hesitant to try
the aphio resistant seeo, because ol yielo
issues. Tillman saio that really isn`t a
problem il a high yielo seeo is useo when
creating the aphio resistant bleno.
These are not yielo oogs, or they
oon`t have to be,¨ Tillman saio.
There are many ways to treat, ano
many oillerent times to oo it. It is impera-
tive a larmer ooes his research.
Il you make a oecision to treat, you
have to oo it right,¨ saio Bruce Fotter,
pest management prolessor at the Lniver-
sity ol Minnesota Southwest Research
ano Outreach Center in Lamberton. Close-up ot a soybean apblo.
Flle pboto
Aphids Continued from page 43
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 45 - AG SCENE
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AG SCENE - 46 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 47 - AG SCENE
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®
I recorded Paul Harvey in 1987 at the
American Farm Bureau Federation Con-
vention with his rendi-
tion of God Made a
Farmer. It has since
been attributed to him,
but at the time he told
us the author was un-
known. I believe that to
be the case. It was used
last year in a Super
Bowl ad by Dodge. -
Lynn
So God made a
Farmer. On the eighth
day, God looked down
on his planned paradise and said, “I need
a caretaker.” So God made a Farmer.
God said, “I need somebody willing to get
up before dawn, milk the cows, work all
day in the field, milk cows again, eat sup-
per then go to town and stay past mid-
night at a meeting of the school board.”
So God made a Farmer. “I need some-
body with arms strong enough to wrestle a
calf and yet gentle enough to deliver his
own grandchild; somebody to call hogs,
tame cantankerous machinery, come
home hungry, have to await lunch until
his wife’s done feeding visiting ladies, then
tell the ladies to be sure and come back
real soon, and mean it.” So God made a
Farmer. God said, “I need somebody will-
ing to sit up all night with and newborn
colt, and watch it die, then dry his eyes
and say, ‘Maybe next year.’ I need some-
boby who can shape an axe handle from a
persimmon sprout, shoe a horse with a
hunk of car tire, who can make a harness
out of hay wire, feed sacks and shoe straps,
who at planting time
and harvest season will
finish his forty hour
week by Tuesday noon
and then, paining from
tractor back, will put in
another 72 hours.” So
God made a Farmer.
God had to have some-
body willing to ride the
ruts at double speed to
get the hay in ahead of
the rain, and yet stop in
midfield and race to
help when he sees first smoke from a
neighbor’s place. So God made a Farmer.
God said, “I need somebody strong
enough to clear trees and heave bales, yet
gentle enough to wean lambs and pigs and
tend to pink combed pullets; who will stop
his mower for an hour to splint the broken
leg of a meadowlark. It had to be some-
body who’d plow deep and straight and
not cut corners; somebody to seed, seed,
breed, and rake and disk and plow and
plant, and tie the fleece, and strain the
milk, and replenish the self-feeder and end
a hard week’s work with a five-mile drive
to church. Somebody who would bale a
family together with the soft, strong bonds
of sharing; who would laugh and then
sigh, and reply with smiling eyes when his
son says he want to spend his life doing
what dad does.” So God made a Farmer.
By: Paul Harvey From his address to the
1987 AFBF Convention.
God made a farmer
Lynn Ketelsen
AG SCENE - 48 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014 - 49 - AG SCENE
Wlll neeo more water tor more corn
By ShcIhy Lindrud
Editor, RcnviIIc County Rcgistcr
Water is so important to larmers, no
matter what they grow. Having enough ol
it can make the oillerence between a won-
oerlul crop ano an empty, ousty lielo.
Try to store as much water as possi-
ble,¨ saio Jell Strock, Lniversity ol Min-
nesota soil scientist at the Southwest Re-
search ano Outreach Center in Lamber-
ton. Last I checkeo we can`t go to the co-
op ano get water.¨
Ano when he says store water he ooes-
n`t mean in huge tanks on the larm. In-
steao he is talking about the soil`s natural
ability to store water within itsell.
With the call to proouce higher yielo-
ing crops lor both better prolit ano more
looo lor the Earth`s every growing popula-
tion, water storage is more important than
ever.
But, oo you know how much water it
takes to proouce just a single acre ol 200
bushel corn? It is at least ¯¯0,000 gallons
or 20 inches. Ol course the amount ol
water neeoeo oepenos on air temperature,
wino speeo ano the relative humioity, but
on average at least 20 inches ol water is
neeoeo lor those 200 bushels. Now imag-
ine you neeo enough water to grow 300
Tbe neeo tor blgber ylelolng corn crops wlll also lncrease tbe neeo tor water.
Flle pboto
Water Neeos
Turn to page 15
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Water needs
Turn to page 50
AG SCENE - 50 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
bushels, which is the oirection the inous-
try is going.
Try 32 inches lor a single acre.
It enos up being a lot ol water,¨
Strock saio.
The problem is most soil in the Corn
Belt, with seasonal rainlall, stores less
than 32 inches.
It is getting close il it`s all available to
the plant,¨ explaineo Strock.
The plant might neeo more or less
water oepenoing on environmental con-
oitions. The hotter the weather, the more
water the plant will neeo.
There is a lot ol oillerence in how
that plant is responoing,¨ Strock saio.
There is a lot ol research being oone
here in Minnesota ano beyono on how to
make the water available to stretch lur-
ther than ever. There is no larger limita-
tion ol plant proouctivity than the lack ol
water worlowioe. Things like crop rota-
tion, keeping resioue on lielos, lertilizer
management ano orainage management
are all being lookeo at.
Frobably the biggest threat to water
storage in soil is orought.
We`re getting more orought, more
high intensity rain lall,¨ saio Strock.
Agriculture orought has the potential
lor more variable precipitation ano tem-
perature with changes in seasonality. A
oecrease in soil water capacity makes it
more likely lor water shortage ano soil
oegraoation ano loss makes orought
more likely.
There are ways larmers can help their
soil store more water.
The way we can allect that is through
conservation practices,¨ reporteo Strock.
Those practices incluoe oecrease soil
water evaporation by reoucing tillage
passes ano maintaining surlace resioue.
Increasing inliltration ol water, increasing
ano maintain the biological activity in the
soil, reoucing the runoll, capturing spring
precipitation ano reoucing orainage loss-
es are other ways to help water storage.
However, no matter how many gooo
practices a larmer uses, it isn`t enough to
beat Mother Nature.
Conservation practices won`t make it
rain at the right time,¨ saio Strock.
But, they oon`t hurt ano with the in-
troouction ol more orought tolerant crop
genetics there is an opportunity to be
more ellicient with the water we oo have
while still growing the crops neeoeo to
meet the ever growing oemano.
We neeo to leeo these people,¨
Strock saio.
Water Neeos Contlnueo trom page 14
Water needs Continued from page 49
IEBRUARY 22 8 23, 201! - ¯1 - AG SCENE
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1he McLeod
County Chronicle
AG SCENE - 52 - FEBRUARY 22 & 23, 2014
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